Israel-Saudi Peace : A Regional Paradigm Shift
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has stirred discussions regarding the possibilities for a major peace deal between Israel and Saudi Arabia during his speech at the 78th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, which was held on September 22, 2023. In light of the major action, Netanyahu expressed possibilities about the prospects for peace a revamping the Middle East.
Netanyahu’s Optimism and the Vision for Peace
Netanyahu emphasized the potential for a big breakthrough by drawing comparisons to the Abraham Accords, which Israel, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain signed in 2020. He emphasized the revolutionary nature of these deals and foresaw an even greater transformation through a historic peace accord with Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia’s Role and MbS’s Positive Outlook
A deal with Israel was on the verge of realization, said Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, also referred to as MbS. Their meeting, together with the conversations with President Joe Biden, demonstrates the seriousness of the efforts being made to create this peace accord. The cooperation between these influential personalities suggests a sincere desire to bring peace to the area.
Challenges and the Palestinian Factor
Palestinian participation in the peace process is still a consequential factor. Netanyahu emphasized the possibility of peace but also said that the Palestinians should not have the right to shoot down indigenous peace deals. This approach raises concerns about the region’s general inclusivity and implicit walls establishing a comprehensive and long-lasting peace.
U.S. Involvement and Potential Implications
The United States’ involvement as a key player in the region is crucial to the success of such a complex transaction. President Biden’s initiative in this regard received encouragement from Netanyahu. But with the 2024 presidential election just around the corner, it might be difficult to win over most U.S. politicians to this potential deal.
Iran’s Role and Netanyahu’s Concerns
As the “fly in the ointment” that can jeopardize the peace agreement with Saudi Arabia, Netanyahu also emphasized the danger posed by Iran. To secure the success of any future peace accord, this calls attention to the region’s complicated geopolitics and the necessity of resolving current tensions and disputes.
According to Netanyahu, the likelihood of a historic peace treaty between Israel and Saudi Arabia is something to be excited about. However, there are several obstacles in the way of bringing about this peace, such as the need for inclusive diplomatic relations, geopolitical unrest, and domestic political issues in the United States. In evaluating the viability and ultimate success of this ambitious peace project, the following actions and subsequent discussions will be key.