How world reacted to Haftar’sunilaterally revocation of Libyan Political Agreement
Khalifa Haftar, commander in chief of the Libyan National Army (LNA), on Monday evening unilaterally revoked the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA).The LNA is the officially recognized army of Libya’s internationally recognized parliament, the House of Representatives (HoR) based in Tobruk in the eastern Libya. Haftar said the LPA had destroyed the country and in an earlier speech he had said that the internationally recognized Fayez al-Serraj government in Tripoli was corrupt and incompetent.
In the televised speech, Haftar said that he was responding to calls by the Libyan people to mandate him to lead the countryout of its current political impasse, but he has been accused by the Tripoli Government as a coup. So how the world reacted to Haftar’s unliterally revocation of LPA? Here’s what foreign ministries, International community and governments said, so far, after the Libyan commander’ speech.
UNITED NATION SUPPORT MISSION IN LIBYA (UNSMIL):
The United Nation Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) didn’t release any official statement on Haftar’s decision. The organization affirmed on Twitter acting SRSG Stephanie Williams discussed latest developments in Libya with president of Presidential Council, Fayez al-Serraj, in a telephone conversation yesterday. Williams briefed the Prime Minister Serraj on her latest outreach with Libyan and International interlocutors, stressing that the LPA and institutions emanating from it remain the sole internationally recognized framework of governance in Libya as per UN Security Council Resolutions and reaffirmed that political change must take place through democratic means.
The US Embassy in Libya, was the first to comment Haftar’s move on Monday night. Washington regretted Haftar’s unilateral declaration, calling for dialogue between the two sides and a humanitarian truce to respond the new coronavirus, COVID-19. “The United States regrets commander Haftar’s suggestion that changes to Libya’s political structure can be imposed by unilateral declaration”. The embassy said in a tweet, stressing that “as civilians continue to suffer during the holy month of Ramadan and the COVID-19 pandemic threatens more lives, we urge the LNA to join the Government of National Accord in declaring an immediate humanitarian cessation of hostilities”.
The Italian Foreign Ministry released a statement to reaffirm Italy full support and recognition of the legitimate Libyan Institutions recognized by the international community: Presidential Council, Government of National Accord, House of Representatives and High Council of State. The note underlines that any decision on the future of Libya must be taken by consensus and democracy in the wake of the Skhirat Political Agreement of December 2015 and the stabilization path led by the United Nations in the framework of the Berlin Process.In this context, Italy also renewed its invitation to the parties to join a truce during the holy month of Ramadan and to work constructively towards a lasting ceasefire
France has also affirmed that the conflict in Libya cannot be resolved with unilateral decisions, but only through dialogue sponsored by the United Nations. “The solution to the Libyan conflict can only pass through dialogue between the parties under the auspices of the United Nations and not through unilateral decisions,” Deputy Foreign Minister spokesman Olivier Juvene said in a statement, underlining that France is committed to Libya’s unity and stability.
In the German government’s view, the conflict in Libya cannot be solved militarily and not through unilateral declarations either, but only through a political process with the participation of all regions and ethnic groups, a Foreign Ministry source said adding that, for this, a ceasefire is first of all urgently needed.
Egypt confirmedon Monday its adherence to the political solution in Libya and the principle of seeking a political solution to the conflict, despite the existence of differences between the Libyan parties on how to implement the solution. “Egypt seeks to achieve stability in the Libyan scene by preserving the unity and territorial integrity of brotherly Libya, in the framework of its permanent cooperation with fraternal and friendly countries close to Libya and interested in the fate of the Libyan people”.The Egyptian Foreign Ministry spokesman, Ahmed Hafez, said in a statement stressing that “the search for a political solution does not mean and should not lead to complacency in the face of extremist terrorist currents in Libya supported by Turkey or the start of negotiations with it on the future of Libya”. The statement also expressed Egypt’s appreciation for the relative stability achieved by LNA in Libyan territories, which led to the withdrawal of terrorist operations, which confirms the decline of terrorist threat from Libya to its near and distant neighbours.
Tunisian President Qais Saied, whose country adheres to “international legitimacy and the need to respect the will of the Libyan people”, renewed Tunisia’s refusal of any prejudice to the unity of Libya and its people. Saied, during the meeting with Foreign Minister Noureddine El-Rai on Tuesday said that “there is no solution in Libya except a political one based on internal consensus without external interference”.
The Kremlin has declared that Russia supports the political settlement of the crisis in Libya, through a political and diplomatic process that it is the only way in Libya. “In Moscow, we remain convinced that the only possible solution in Libya is through political and diplomatic communication between all parties, especially the conflicting factions”. Kremlin spokesman, Dimitry Peskov, said stressing Russia still in contact with all actors involved in the Libyan crisis. We believe there are no other ways to solve the Libyan problem. Previously, Moscow described the announcement of Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar as unexpected.