Why Is Iraq Unable To Elect A President?
Iraq–The Pro-Iranian parties have ensured Iraq does not get a stable government. As the parties went all out to reject and boycott the elections, Iraq has failed to appoint a President. Since October 10, the situation has been bleak for the Iraqi side. Political groups continue to create faction in Iraq, forcing a delay in the formation of a new government after October 10 national elections. The deadlock over electing leadership has continued for the last six months. A divided session of MPs has led to a despicable result this time. A majority vote is needed to decide the future President. But this has not happened.
The parliament session convened recently, did not have more than 202MPs while a majority of a minimum 220 is required for a vote to pass. Despite emerging as the clear winner in the October 10 polls with 73 seats in the 329-member legislature, Shiite populist cleric Moqtada Al Sadr’s efforts to form a government have been blocked an alliance of his Iran-backed Shiite rivals. Further, he has been under pressure to take on people from his preferred circuit to man the various leadership positions.
Other government posts are divided among the country’s political parties based on their religious and ethnic background. Currently, the rivals that have formed a Co-ordination Framework that has been putting pressure to home its own along with Sadr. An attempt to elect a president last month failed because of a boycott of the process by major political parties.
Under an unofficial agreement, Iraq’s presidency – a largely ceremonial role – is held by a Kurd, while the prime minister’s post is reserved for a Shiite and that of parliament speaker for a Sunni.