Sudan crisis: What’s the conflict all about?


Sudan, a country located in the northeastern region of Africa, has been grappling with a crisis for years.

The Sudan crisis is not just any conflict as there are many factions involved and many human rights issues at stake. This situation has left many people wondering what is happening in this country and why?

In this post, we’ll explore the root of the problem, who’s involved, how it affects people on the ground, and most importantly – what’s being done to stop it!

So gear up because we’re telling you everything you need to know about the Sudan crisis.

What is the conflict in Sudan about?

The conflict in Sudan has been going on for decades and is rooted in several complex issues.

One of the main factors driving the conflict is competition over resources such as land, water, and oil. The government has been accused of favoring certain groups over others when it comes to resource allocation which has caused tensions to rise.

Another major issue at play in the conflict is political representation. Many groups feel marginalized by the central government which they claim does not take their needs into account when making decisions that affect their lives.

The conflict also has ethnic and religious dimensions with different groups vying for power based on their identity. This has led to violence between different tribes as well as against minority religious communities.

There are many factors contributing to the conflict in Sudan which makes it difficult to resolve through simple solutions or negotiations. It will require a long-term commitment from all parties involved to address these underlying issues if there is any hope for lasting peace and stability in the region.

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Who are the key players involved in the conflict?

The conflict in Sudan involves several key players with varying levels of involvement. At the center of the conflict are government forces and rebel groups fighting for control of various areas. The government is led by President Omar al-Bashir, who came to power in 1989 through a military coup.

The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N), which primarily operates in the states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile, is the most well-known rebel organization. Since 2011, they have been battling government forces, claiming that non-Arabs in these areas are marginalized and subject to discrimination.

Another important player is the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), a paramilitary force formed from former Janjaweed militias accused of committing atrocities during the Darfur conflict. The RSF has been reportedly involved in carrying out attacks on civilians and suppressing protests across Sudan.

In addition to these armed actors, there are also political opposition groups such as the Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA) that played a central role in organizing protests leading up to Bashir’s ouster. These groups continue to demand democratic reforms and civilian rule.

Understanding the complex web of actors involved in this crisis is essential for finding lasting solutions that address all underlying issues at stake.

What are the human rights issues at stake?

The conflict in Sudan has resulted in numerous human rights violations. The government and opposition forces have been accused of committing crimes against humanity, including killing and displacing civilians, sexual violence, torture, and forced disappearances.

The ongoing crisis has had a devastating impact on vulnerable communities such as women, children, and refugees. Sexual violence is particularly prevalent with thousands of cases reported in the past year alone.

In addition to this, restrictions on media freedom threaten the ability of journalists to report accurately and impartially on the situation in Sudan. This undermines transparency and accountability at a time when both are sorely needed.

There have also been reports of arbitrary arrests and detentions by security forces targeting protesters who speak out against government repression or criticize authorities online.

All these issues highlight how important it is for international bodies to monitor events closely to ensure that human rights abuses are not unnoticed or unaddressed. It also underscores the importance of promoting justice systems capable of holding perpetrators accountable for their actions while protecting basic human rights.

What is the international community doing to help?

The international community is closely monitoring the crisis in Sudan and has taken steps to help de-escalate the situation. The United Nations (UN) has maintained a large peacekeeping force in Darfur since 2007, which works to protect civilians and promote stability in the region. Additionally, several countries have provided financial assistance to Sudan to aid humanitarian efforts.

In June 2019, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed took on a mediation role between Sudan’s Transitional Military Council (TMC) and opposition groups after violent clashes erupted in Khartoum. Other African nations such as Nigeria also expressed their willingness to provide support if needed.

The African Union (AU) suspended Sudan’s membership following the military coup that ousted former President Omar al-Bashir. However, they later decided not to impose sanctions or take further action against Sudan because of fear it may worsen the situation for ordinary citizens.

The European Union (EU), on its part, pledged $20 million in emergency assistance funding for those affected by violence during protests earlier this year. They also continue engaging through diplomatic channels with regional organizations like IGAD – Intergovernmental Authority on Development – calling for an end to the violence while supporting peaceful dialogue among all parties involved.

Different actors are taking various measures depending on their interests; whether political or economic but most importantly human rights must be at the center of any solution offered towards ending conflict and achieving lasting peace across Sudan.


The crisis in Sudan is a complex and multi-faceted issue that requires urgent attention from the international community. The conflict has caused immense suffering to the people of Sudan, with human rights abuses being committed daily. It is important for all parties involved to engage in peaceful dialogue to find a lasting solution that will bring about stability and prosperity for the country.

The international community must continue to provide support and resources to help address humanitarian needs in Sudan. This includes ensuring access for aid workers, providing funding for humanitarian assistance, and working towards long-term solutions through political engagement.

Ultimately, it is up to all of us as individuals and as members of society to take action toward ending this crisis. By raising awareness about the situation in Sudan, supporting organizations working on the ground, and calling upon our leaders to act, we can make a difference and bring hope where it’s needed most.



Raven Ruma is a professional journalist with a keen eye on domestic and foreign situations. His favorite pastime is to keep the public informed about the current situation through his pen and he is fulfilling this responsibility through the platform of Arab News.

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